AUTHOR: Darko Djogo
Danubius, XXXII- Supliment, Galati, 2014, pp. 63-74.
Due to its rich history, Bosnia and Herzegovina is a multi-ethnical and multi-religious country. After the Dayton Peace Agreement (1995), it is established as one country consisting of two entities (Republic of Srpska and Federation of BH) and three “constituent peoples” (Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats). Its constitutional system was established as a set of different rules in order to represent each one of these “constituent peoples” and to prevent menaces to democracy or outvoting. Nevertheless, it seems that this constitutional system needs improvement. Since religion and ethnicity are almost empirically equal, it becomes quite interesting to observe that the legislative displays a strong tendency to adopt the principle of accommodation instead of strict separation, when it comes to religious freedoms.
However, on one hand, proponents of secularization emphasize this relation between religion and ethnicity as being one of the main causes for inter-ethnical tensions.
On the other hand, opponents of strict separation invoke their experience with the communist type of secularization as destructive and oversimplified. Their main argument is that secularization, regarded especially as a social concept, does not resolve but rather silences identity problems. In each case, whatever constitutional and social solution might be found for the future of the country, the author tries to show that political theology, as a critical and engaged approach of the Orthodox Church, must find its place in the day to day life of the Church and in the society.