AUTHOR: Zaker Hussain Ershad
Danubius, XXXII- Supliment, Galati, 2014, pp. 87-100.
In Afghanistan, Islam and politics are interlinked. In the history of Afghanistan, two kinds of such relationships were recorded. Moreover, we can say that Islam, as the religion of 99% of the Afghan people, existed in the all the historical periods of Afghanistan. The history of Afghanistan indicates an interference of Islam and politics as follows:
1. Passive presence: in this context, Islam did not impose just advocated social trade and attempted to justify the policy of the state. During the passive presence, we don’t have any structured planning for the state and we don’t have any Islamic pattern for public policy as to how we should govern. Afghanistan was defined by this process until 1919.
2. Active attendance: in this context, Islam claims to have a special part to play with respect to the government, as well as in society. The Mujahidins and Talibans advocated for this approach. But in fact they don’t have any political plan to manage the country based on Sharia. They just emphasize on the Quran and Sunnat, but not in a clear way. This second Islam approach makes more reference to the doctrine, but it is at the same time a reaction to the internal and international issues, like modernization and so forth.