AUTHOR: Oksana SYLKA
Danubius, XXXV - Supliment, Galaţi, 2017, pp. 71-78.
This article analyses the maim types of village public communities in Ukraine in the end of XIX – early XX that ran in the period of nascent public society in the Russian Empire. The specific character of their activity was examined. The process of forming such kind of communities is considered to be a component of all-Russian public statutory movement. The mechanism and main tendencies of their activity were pointed, the ways of communities’ influence on the public, cultural, educational and the spiritual life of Ukrainian nation were discovered. The positive meaning of qualitative results of their work was accented. Especially in the branches of agriculture, improvement of the territories, organization of fire control, supporting of social wardship traditions, charity and enlightenment.