AUTHOR: Alyona AKCHEBASH
Danubius, XXXVIII - Supliment, Galaţi, 2020, pp. 189-208.
Based on the materials of archival and investigative cases, as well as a wide range of little-known or not involved in scientific circulation documents, the article reveals some aspects of the mechanism of political repressions in 1944-1953 in the Izmail region. The functioning of repressive state apparatus in the war and the first postwar years, the activity of the Soviet state security bodies on the organization and carrying out of reconnaissance-sabotage and counterintelligence work in the territory of the Izmail region in 1945-1953 were analyzed.
The development of the legal status, organizational structure and activities of the Soviet military counterintelligence bodies in the postwar period has been studied. It is established that during this period there were significant changes in their structure, powers and departmental subordination. The main powers of military counterintelligence bodies, which were concentrated in the areas of combating “anti-Soviet and hostile elements”, are analyzed.
It is established that these powers were exercised by the Soviet military counterintelligence bodies by repressive methods, in violation of the general principles of law, fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms.