AUTHOR: Costel ILIE, Adrian-Ionuț ADAMESCU, Tudor MANDACHE
TIRIGHINA-BĂRBOȘI ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE. PREVENTIVE RESEARCHES AT THE POINTS SENTOSA AND DEMCAR
Danubius, XXXVIII, Galaţi, 2020, pp. 39-68.
In 2020, members of “Paul Păltănea” History Museum of Galați carried out a series of preventive archaeological explorations in the area outside the Tirighina-Bărboși Roman camp.
The first preventive archaeological research was organized at the request of S.C. SENTOSA IMPEX S.R.L., which intends to build two storage facilities on a plot of land located within the Roman necropolis, on the Tirighina plateau. The research was undertaken by opening five excavation areas: a main section, SM (78m/1.20m) and four digging units, Cas. 1-4, with sizes of 17m/16m. Archaeological excavations have highlighted, for the Roman funerary area, a total of 12 graves, eight of inhumation and four of cremation and two burial sites separated by ditches. In addition, dating from the Roman period, the starting point of a possible defensive ditch of the castrum was identified. Finally, a series of defensive structures from the First World War were discovered.
The second preventive archaeological research carried out in 2020 on the Tirighina plateau was organized 200 m northwest of the ruins of the Roman camp. The investigation was commenced at the request of S.C. DEMCAR 2000 S.R.L., which intended to build a production facility. Seven excavation areas: two main sections, SD1 (108m / 6m), SD2 (108 / 4m) and five digging units, SD3, SD4, SD5, SD6 (20 / 20m), SD7 (24m / 20m), were opened in order to undertake the archaeological research. Out of the five archaeological complexes identified in the excavation, three are tombs (one of cremation and two of inhumation), and the other two are ditches: one used for delimiting a funerary enclosure and the other used as a defensive ditch for the Bărboși Roman camp.