IMPORTANCE OF PAN-ASIANISM IN THE POLITICAL LIFE OF THE RUSSIAN COSSACKS IN THE NORTH-EASTERN CHINA (1932‒1945)

AUTHOR: Gennadiy Ivanovich MALYSHENKO

Danubius, XXXV, Galaţi, 2017, pp. 133-152.

Abstract

The article examines the causes of the Pan-Asianism spread among the Russian Cossacks resident to the North-Eastern provinces of China. The presence of that ideology revealed an intention of the Japanese military leadership to extend their military expansion into the inner provinces of China. Also, the idea of „Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” envisaged occupation of the Northern Sakhalin and all of the Kurils, the Eastern Siberia, Inner and Outer Mongolia, as well as expansion into Tibet, Dutch India, and the Hawaii. The beginning of the „New Order” in Asia was marked by the militarists’ intervention into Korea and creating of the puppet state Manchukuo. The Japanese continental politics masterminds actively backed the idea of forging the East Asian Federation embracing five nations: the Japanese, the Manchurian, the Chinese, the Mongols, and the Koreans. The essay provides valuable information on placing of Russian residents of the Chinese Eastern Railway’s (the CER) Adjacency Zone on the same footing as the Manchurian population, and recruitment of the most active and the prominent Russian and Cossack emigrants to benefit Manchukuo state-building. Some of the expatriate Community and the Russian Cossacks leaders believed that a buffer state could be built with a help from the Japanese. They persuaded the expatriate Cossacks to join up with the Japanese Military Mission in a battlefield alliance aimed to oppose the USSR, and overthrow the Communist power in the Cossack lands. In the Russian expatriate community, many of the political discussion participants objected to further development of the Japanese aggression and took allying of the Far Eastern Cossack factions with Japan negative. This is why the implementation of Pan-Asianism state doctrine among the Cossacks of the North-Eastern China and adjacent territories was coming with worsening of oppression severity in the Japanese occupation powers’ dictatorship.

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